Archive for the ‘6. Manifesto of Libertarian Communism’ Category

by Georges Fontenis

Contents:

Introduction

Libertarian Communism: A Social Doctrine
The Problem of the Programme
Relations Between the Masses and the Revolutionary Vanguard

The Libertarian Communist Programme:

1. Aspects of Bourgeois Rule – Capitalism and the State
2. The Qualities of Libertarian Communism
3. The Revolution: The Problem of Power, the Problem of the State
Respective Roles of the Specific Anarchist Organisation and of the Masses


Introduction

The ‘Manifesto of Libertarian Communism’ was written in 1953 by Georges Fontenis for the Federation Communiste Libertaire of France. It is one of the key texts of the anarchist-communist current. It was preceded by the best work of Bakunin, Guillaume, Malatesta, Berneri, the Organisational Platform of the Libertarian Communists written by Makhno, Arshinov and Matt, which sprang from the defeats of the Russian Revolution, and the statements of the Friends of Durruti, also a result of another defeat, that of the Spanish Revolution.

Like the ‘Platform’ it pitted itself against the ‘Synthesis’ of Faure and Voline which attempted a compromise between Stirnerite individualism, anarcho-syndicalism, and libertarian communism. Like the ‘Platform’ it reaffirmed the class-struggle nature of anarchism and showed how it had sprung from the struggles of the oppressed. It had the experience of another thirty years of struggle and was a more developed document than the ‘Platform’. However it failed to take account of the role of women in capitalist society and offered no specific analysis of women’s oppression. Whilst the F.C.L. was very active in the struggle against French colonialism in North Africa, it failed to incorporate an analysis of racism into its Manifesto.

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